Unbiased Stochastic Proximal Solver for Graph Neural Networks with Equilibrium StatesDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 02 Mar 2023ICLR 2023 posterReaders: Everyone
Abstract: Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) are widely used deep learning models that can extract meaningful representations from graph datasets and achieve great success in many machine learning tasks. Among them, graph neural networks with iterative iterations like unfolded GNNs and implicit GNNs can effectively capture long-range dependencies in graphs and demonstrate superior performance on large graphs since they can mathematically ensure its convergence to some nontrivial solution after lots of aggregations. However, the aggregation time for such models costs a lot as they need to aggregate the full graph in each update. Such weakness limits the scalability of the implicit graph models. To tackle such limitations, we propose two unbiased stochastic proximal solvers inspired by the stochastic proximal gradient descent method and its variance reduction variant called USP and USP-VR solvers. From the point of stochastic optimization, we theoretically prove that our solvers are unbiased, which can converge to the same solution as the original solvers for unfolded GNNs and implicit GNNs. Furthermore, the computation complexities for unfolded GNNs and implicit GNNs with our proposed solvers are significantly less than their vanilla versions. Experiments on various large graph datasets show that our proposed solvers are more efficient and can achieve state-of-the-art performance.
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