- Reviewed Version (pdf): https://openreview.net/references/pdf?id=wCtJtcLkgx
- Keywords: visual model-based reinforcement learning, visual planning, long-horizon planning, collocation
- Abstract: The ability to construct and execute long-term plans enables intelligent agents to solve complex multi-step tasks and prevents myopic behavior only seeking the short-term reward. Recent work has achieved significant progress on building agents that can predict and plan from raw visual observations. However, existing visual planning methods still require a densely shaped reward that provides the algorithm with a short-term signal that is always easy to optimize. These algorithms fail when the shaped reward is not available as they use simplistic planning methods such as sampling-based random shooting and are unable to plan for a distant goal. Instead, to achieve long-horizon visual control, we propose to use collocation-based planning, a powerful optimal control technique that plans forward a sequence of states while constraining the transitions to be physical. We propose a planning algorithm that adapts collocation to visual planning by leveraging probabilistic latent variable models. A model-based reinforcement learning agent equipped with our planning algorithm significantly outperforms prior model-based agents on challenging visual control tasks with sparse rewards and long-term goals.
- One-sentence Summary: We propose a visual model-based reinforcement agent that uses collocation in the latent space to plan and outperforms prior shooting-based planning methods.
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- Supplementary Material: zip