The Challenges of Exploration for Offline Reinforcement LearningDownload PDF


22 Sept 2022, 12:39 (modified: 16 Nov 2022, 15:45)ICLR 2023 Conference Blind SubmissionReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Offline Reinforcement Learning, Exploration, Robotics
TL;DR: We compare existing and new exploration methods as a new way to generate useful data for offline reinforcement learning.
Abstract: Offline Reinforcement Learning (ORL) enables us to separately study the two interlinked processes of reinforcement learning: collecting informative experience and inferring optimal behaviour. The second step has been widely studied in the offline setting, but just as critical to data-efficient RL is the collection of informative data. The task-agnostic setting for data collection, where the task is not known a priori, is of particular interest due to the possibility of collecting a single dataset and using it to solve several downstream tasks as they arise. We investigate this setting via curiosity-based intrinsic motivation, a family of exploration methods which encourage the agent to explore those states or transitions it has not yet learned to model. With Explore2Offline, we propose to evaluate the quality of collected data by transferring the collected data and inferring policies with reward relabelling and standard offline RL algorithms. We evaluate a wide variety of data collection strategies, including a new exploration agent, Intrinsic Model Predictive Control (IMPC), using this scheme and demonstrate their performance on various tasks. We use this decoupled framework to strengthen intuitions about exploration and the data prerequisites for effective offline RL.
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