Selectively Sharing Experiences Improves Multi-Agent Reinforcement LearningDownload PDF

08 Oct 2022 (modified: 05 May 2023)Deep RL Workshop 2022Readers: Everyone
Keywords: multiagent RL, reinforcement learning, off-policy learning, communication, multiagent systems
TL;DR: Sharing just a small subset of experiences among agents can improve performance in multiagent RL
Abstract: We present a novel multi-agent RL approach, Selective Multi-Agent PER, in which agents share with other agents a limited number of transitions they observe during training. They follow a similar heuristic as is used in (single-agent) Prioritized Experience Replay, and choose those transitions based on their td-error. The intuition behind this is that even a small number of relevant experiences from other agents could help each agent learn. Unlike many other multi-agent RL algorithms, this approach allows for largely decentralized training, requiring only a limited communication channel between agents. We show that our approach outperforms baseline no-sharing decentralized training and state-of-the art multi-agent RL algorithms. Further, sharing only a small number of experiences outperforms sharing all experiences between agents, and the performance uplift from selective experience sharing is robust across a range of hyperparameters and DQN variants.
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