Canonical Noise Distributions and Private Hypothesis TestsDownload PDF

Sep 14, 2021PRIML 2021 OralReaders: Everyone
  • Keywords: differential privacy, p-values, frequentist inference, optimal mechanism
  • TL;DR: "Canonical noise distribution" captures whether a mechanism fully uses the privacy budget, and leads to optimal private hypothesis tests.
  • Abstract: In the setting of $f$-DP, we propose the concept \emph{canonical noise distribution} (CND) which captures whether an additive privacy mechanism is tailored for a given $f$, and give a construction of a CND for an arbitrary tradeoff function $f$. We show that private hypothesis tests are intimately related to CNDs, allowing for the release of private $p$-values at no additional privacy cost as well as the construction of uniformly most powerful (UMP) tests for binary data. We apply our techniques to difference of proportions testing.
  • Paper Under Submission: The paper is NOT under submission at NeurIPS
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