On the Utility of Koopman Operator Theory in Learning Dexterous Manipulation SkillsDownload PDF

Published: 30 Aug 2023, Last Modified: 15 Oct 2023CoRL 2023 OralReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Koopman Operator, Dexterous Manipulation
TL;DR: This paper investigates the utility of Koopman operator theory on dexterous manipulation tasks and reveals a number of unique benefits.
Abstract: Despite impressive dexterous manipulation capabilities enabled by learning-based approaches, we are yet to witness widespread adoption beyond well-resourced laboratories. This is likely due to practical limitations, such as significant computational burden, inscrutable learned behaviors, sensitivity to initialization, and the considerable technical expertise required for implementation. In this work, we investigate the utility of Koopman operator theory in alleviating these limitations. Koopman operators are simple yet powerful control-theoretic structures to represent complex nonlinear dynamics as linear systems in higher dimensions. Motivated by the fact that complex nonlinear dynamics underlie dexterous manipulation, we develop a Koopman operator-based imitation learning framework to learn the desired motions of both the robotic hand and the object simultaneously. We show that Koopman operators are surprisingly effective for dexterous manipulation and offer a number of unique benefits. Notably, policies can be learned analytically, drastically reducing computation burden and eliminating sensitivity to initialization and the need for painstaking hyperparameter optimization. Our experiments reveal that a Koopman operator-based approach can perform comparably to state-of-the-art imitation learning algorithms in terms of success rate and sample efficiency, while being an order of magnitude faster. Policy videos can be viewed at https://sites.google.com/view/kodex-corl.
Student First Author: yes
Supplementary Material: zip
Instructions: I have read the instructions for authors (https://corl2023.org/instructions-for-authors/)
Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WH7bkW9gauk&t=3s
Website: https://sites.google.com/view/kodex-corl
Code: https://github.com/GT-STAR-Lab/KODex
Publication Agreement: pdf
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