Group-oriented Cooperation in Multi-Agent Reinforcement LearningDownload PDF


22 Sept 2022, 12:34 (modified: 18 Nov 2022, 22:10)ICLR 2023 Conference Blind SubmissionReaders: Everyone
Keywords: MARL, Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning, Group-wise Learning
TL;DR: We propose an automatic grouping mechanism in cooperative MARL, which dynamically adjusts the grouping of agents as training proceeds and achieves efficient team cooperation by facilitating intra- and inter-group coordination.
Abstract: Grouping is ubiquitous in natural systems and is essential for promoting efficiency in team coordination. This paper introduces the concept of grouping into multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL) and provides a novel formulation of Group-oriented MARL (GoMARL). In contrast to existing approaches that attempt to directly learn the complex relationship between the joint action-values and individual values, we empower groups as a bridge to model the connection between a small set of agents and encourage cooperation among them, thereby improving the efficiency of the whole team. In particular, we factorize the joint action-values as a combination of group-wise values, which guide agents to improve their policies in a fine-grained fashion. We propose a flexible grouping mechanism inspired by variable selection and sparse regularization to generate dynamic groups and group action-values. We further propose a hierarchical control for policy learning that drives the agents in the same group to specialize in similar policies and possess diversified strategies for various groups. Extensive experiments on a challenging set of StarCraft II micromanagement tasks and Google Research Football scenarios verify our method's effectiveness and learning efficiency. Detailed component studies show how grouping works and enhances performance.
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