Accelerated Federated Optimization with QuantizationDownload PDF

Published: 21 Oct 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023FL-NeurIPS 2022 OralReaders: Everyone
Keywords: federated optimization, communication, acceleration, quantization, federated averaging, linear speedup
TL;DR: This paper provides a novel algorithm, Federated optimization algorithm with Acceleration and Quantization (FedAQ), to solve the severe communication bottleneck problem in FL systems.
Abstract: Federated optimization is a new form of distributed training on very large datasets that leverages many devices each containing local data. While decentralized computation can lead to significant speed-ups due to parallelization, some centralization is still required: devices must aggregate their parameter updates through synchronization across the network. The potential for communication bottleneck is significant. The two main methods to tackle this issue are (a) smarter optimization that decreases the frequency of communication rounds and (b) using \emph{compression} techniques such as quantization and sparsification to reduce the number of bits machines need to transmit. In this paper, we provide a novel algorithm, \textbf{Fed}erated optimization algorithm with \textbf{A}cceleration and \textbf{Q}uantization (FedAQ), with improved theoretical guarantees by combining an accelerated method of federated averaging, reducing the number of training and synchronization steps, with an efficient quantization scheme that significantly reduces communication complexity. We show that in a homogeneous strongly convex setting, FedAQ achieves a linear speedup in the number of workers $M$ with only $\Tilde{\mathcal{O}}(M^{\frac{1}{3}})$ communication rounds, significantly smaller than what is required by other quantization-based federated optimization algorithms. Moreover, we empirically verify that our algorithm performs better than current methods.
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