Abstract: Adapting model parameters to incoming streams of data is a crucial factor to deep learning scalability. Interestingly, prior continual learning strategies in online settings inadvertently anchor their updated parameters to a local parameter subspace to remember old tasks, else drift away from the subspace and forget. From this observation, we formulate a trade-off between constructing multiple parameter modes and allocating tasks per mode. Mode-Optimized Task Allocation (MOTA), our contributed adaptation strategy, trains multiple modes in parallel, then optimizes task allocation per mode. We empirically demonstrate improvements over baseline continual learning strategies and across varying distribution shifts, namely sub10 population, domain, and task shift.