Self-Distribution Distillation: Efficient Uncertainty EstimationDownload PDF

Published: 20 May 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023UAI 2022 PosterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Distillation, self distillation, distribution distillation, uncertainty, robustness
TL;DR: Novel approaches for efficient and robust uncertainty estimation utilising distribution distillation based techniques.
Abstract: Deep learning is increasingly being applied in safety-critical domains. For these scenarios it is important to know the level of uncertainty in a model's prediction to ensure appropriate decisions are made by the system. Deep ensembles are the de-facto standard approach to obtaining various measures of uncertainty. However, ensembles often significantly increase the resources required in the training and/or deployment phases. Approaches have been developed that typically address the costs in one of these phases. In this work we propose a novel training approach, self-distribution distillation (S2D), which is able to efficiently train a single model that can estimate uncertainties. Furthermore it is possible to build ensembles of these models and apply hierarchical ensemble distillation approaches. Experiments on CIFAR-100 showed that S2D models outperformed standard models and Monte-Carlo dropout. Additional out-of-distribution detection experiments on LSUN, Tiny ImageNet, SVHN showed that even a standard deep ensemble can be outperformed using S2D based ensembles and novel distilled models.
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