Dynamic Facility Location in High Dimensional Euclidean Spaces

Published: 02 May 2024, Last Modified: 25 Jun 2024ICML 2024 SpotlightEveryoneRevisionsBibTeXCC BY 4.0
Abstract: We study the facility location problem in the dynamic setting, where the goal is to efficiently process an intermixed sequence of point insertions and deletions while maintaining a high quality and stable solution. Although the problem has been studied in the context of general metrics and low-dimensional spaces, much remains unknown concerning dynamic facility location in high dimensional spaces. In this work, we present the first fully dynamic algorithm for facility location in high-dimensional spaces $\mathbb{R}^{d}$. For any $c \geq 1$, our algorithm achieves $O(c)$-approximation, supports point updates in $\tilde{O}(\mathrm{poly}(d)n^{1/c + o(1)})$ amortized time and incurs $O(1)$ amortized recourse. More generally, our result shows that despite the linear-time lower bound on the update time for general metrics, it is possible to achieve sub-linear update times for metric spaces that admit dynamic nearest neighbour oracles. Experiments on real datasets confirm that our algorithm achieves high-quality solutions with low running time, and incurs minimal recourse.
Submission Number: 5150