Language Agents as Digital Representatives in Collective Decision-Making

Published: 07 Nov 2023, Last Modified: 06 Dec 2023FMDM@NeurIPS2023EveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: language modeling, digital representatives, collective decision-making
TL;DR: We train language agents to behave in the capacity of *representatives* of human agents in collective decision-making.
Abstract: Consider the process of collective decision-making, in which a group of individuals interactively select a preferred outcome from among a universe of alternatives. In this context, "representation" is the activity of making an individual's preferences present in the process via participation by a proxy agent---i.e. their "representative". To this end, learned models of human behavior have the potential to fill this role, with practical implications for multi-agent scenario studies and mechanism design. In this work, we investigate the possibility of training *language agents* to behave in the capacity of representatives of human agents, appropriately expressing the preferences of those individuals whom they stand for. First, we formalize the setting of *collective decision-making*---as the episodic process of interaction between a group of agents and a decision mechanism. On this basis, we then formalize the problem of *digital representation*---as the simulation of an agent's behavior to yield equivalent outcomes from the mechanism. Finally, we conduct an empirical case study in the setting of *consensus-finding* among diverse humans, and demonstrate the feasibility of fine-tuning large language models to act as digital representatives.
Submission Number: 67