Sample Efficient Modeling of Drag Coefficients for Satellites with Symmetry

Published: 29 Nov 2023, Last Modified: 29 Nov 2023NeurReps 2023 PosterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Submission Track: Extended Abstract
Keywords: Euclidean Symmetry, Equivariant Neural Network, Drag Modeling, Lower Earth Orbit
TL;DR: We improve upon the efficiency and robustness of data-driven drag coefficient models for satellites with symmetry.
Abstract: Accurate knowledge of the atmospheric drag coefficient for a satellite in low Earth orbit is crucial to plan an orbit that avoids collisions with other spacecraft, but its calculation has high uncertainty and is very expensive to numerically compute for long-horizon predictions. Previous work has improved coefficient modeling speed with data-driven approaches, but these models do not utilize domain symmetry. This work investigates enforcing the invariance of atmospheric particle deflections off certain satellite geometries, resulting in higher sample efficiency and theoretically more robustness for data-driven methods. We train $G$-equivariant MLPs to predict the drag coefficient, where $G$ defines invariances of the coefficient across different orientations of the satellite. We experiment on a synthetic dataset computed using the numerical Test Particle Monte Carlo (TPMC) method, where particles are fired at a satellite in the computational domain. We find that our method is more sample and computationally efficient than unconstrained baselines, which is significant because TPMC simulations are extremely computationally expensive.
Submission Number: 20