Keywords: attention, self-attention, transformers, multi-head self-attention, dot-product attention, equivariant, equivariance, invariant, invariance, interactions, tabular, supervised learning, masking
TL;DR: We introduce a novel deep learning architecture that takes the entire dataset as input and learns to reason about relationships between datapoints using self-attention.
Abstract: We challenge a common assumption underlying most supervised deep learning: that a model makes a prediction depending only on its parameters and the features of a single input. To this end, we introduce a general-purpose deep learning architecture that takes as input the entire dataset instead of processing one datapoint at a time. Our approach uses self-attention to reason about relationships between datapoints explicitly, which can be seen as realizing non-parametric models using parametric attention mechanisms. However, unlike conventional non-parametric models, we let the model learn end-to-end from the data how to make use of other datapoints for prediction. Empirically, our models solve cross-datapoint lookup and complex reasoning tasks unsolvable by traditional deep learning models. We show highly competitive results on tabular data, early results on CIFAR-10, and give insight into how the model makes use of the interactions between points.
Supplementary Material: pdf
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