Surfing on the Neural SheafDownload PDF

26 Sept 2022, 12:09 (modified: 28 Nov 2022, 17:18)NeurReps 2022 PosterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Graph Neural Networks, Sheaf Theory, Partial Differential Equations
TL;DR: We propose a PDE-inspired GNN based on the wave equation on sheaves
Abstract: The deep connections between Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) and Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have recently generated a lot of interest in PDE-inspired architectures for learning on graphs. However, despite being more interpretable and better understood via well-established tools from PDE analysis, the dynamics these models use are often too simple for complicated node classification tasks. The recently proposed Neural Sheaf Diffusion (NSD) models address this by making use of an additional geometric structure over the graph, called a sheaf, that can support a provably powerful class of diffusion equations. In this work, we propose Neural Sheaf Propagation (NSP), a new PDE-based Sheaf Neural Network induced by the wave equation on sheaves. Unlike diffusion models that are characterised by a dissipation of energy, wave models conserve a certain energy, which can be beneficial for node classification tasks on heterophilic graphs. In practice, we show that NSP obtains competitive results with NSD and outperforms many other existent models on several datasets.
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