Towards Powerful Graph Neural Networks: Diversity MattersDownload PDF

28 Sept 2020, 15:47 (modified: 05 Mar 2021, 23:07)ICLR 2021 Conference Blind SubmissionReaders: Everyone
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Keywords: GNNs, Expressive power, Diverse sampling, Injective
Abstract: Graph neural networks (GNNs) offer us an effective framework for graph representation learning via layer-wise neighborhood aggregation. Their success is attributed to their expressive power at learning representation of nodes and graphs. To achieve GNNs with high expressive power, existing methods mainly resort to complex neighborhood aggregation functions, e.g., designing injective aggregation function or using multiple aggregation functions. Consequently, their expressive power is limited by the capability of aggregation function, which is tricky to determine in practice. To combat this problem, we propose a novel framework, namely diverse sampling, to improve the expressive power of GNNs. For a target node, diverse sampling offers it diverse neighborhoods, i.e., rooted sub-graphs, and the representation of target node is finally obtained via aggregating the representation of diverse neighborhoods obtained using any GNN model. High expressive power is guaranteed by the diversity of different neighborhoods. We use classical GNNs (i.e., GCN and GAT) as base models to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed framework. Experiments are conducted at multi-class node classification task on three benchmark datasets and multi-label node classification task on a dataset collected in this paper. Extensive experiments demonstrate the proposed method consistently improve the performance of base GNN models. The proposed framework is applicable to any GNN models and thus is general for improving the expressive power of GNNs.
One-sentence Summary: We propose a novel framework to improve the expressive power of GNNs via diverse subgraph sampling, without depending on layer-wise injective aggregation functions.
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