Testing geometric representation hypotheses from simulated place cell recordingsDownload PDF

26 Sept 2022, 12:09 (modified: 09 Nov 2022, 02:12)NeurReps 2022 PosterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Place Cells, Task-Specific Encoding, Representation Learning, Autoencoders
Abstract: Hippocampal place cells can encode spatial locations of an animal in physical or task- relevant spaces. We simulated place cell populations that encoded either Euclidean- or graph-based positions of a rat navigating to goal nodes in a maze with a graph topology, and used manifold learning methods such as UMAP and Autoencoders (AE) to analyze these neural population activities. The structure of the latent spaces learned by the AE reflects their true geometric structure, while PCA fails to do so and UMAP is less robust to noise. Our results support future applications of AE architectures to decipher the geometry of spatial encoding in the brain.
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