A Computational Framework for Solving Wasserstein Lagrangian Flows

Published: 27 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 28 Dec 2023OTML 2023 PosterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: optimal transport, Schrödinger bridge, trajectory inference, single-cell
TL;DR: extension of optimal transport by considering Lagrangians on the density manifold
Abstract: The dynamical formulation of the optimal transport can be extended through various choices of the underlying geometry (kinetic energy), and the regularization of density paths (potential energy). These combinations yield different variational problems (Lagrangians), encompassing many variations of the optimal transport problem such as the Schrödinger bridge, unbalanced optimal transport, and optimal transport with physical constraints, among others. In general, the optimal density path is unknown, and solving these variational problems can be computationally challenging. Leveraging the dual formulation of the Lagrangians, we propose a novel deep learning based framework approaching all of these problems from a unified perspective. Our method does not require simulating or backpropagating through the trajectories of the learned dynamics, and does not need access to optimal couplings. We showcase the versatility of the proposed framework by outperforming previous approaches for the single-cell trajectory inference, where incorporating prior knowledge into the dynamics is crucial for correct predictions.
Submission Number: 74