Sim-to-Lab-to-Real: Safe Reinforcement Learning with Shielding and Generalization GuaranteesDownload PDF

Published: 23 Nov 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023TEAReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Reinforcement Learning, Sim-to-Real Transfer, Safety Analysis, Generalization
TL;DR: We propose a two-stage training called Sim-to-Lab-to-Real that bridges the reality gap with a probabilistically guaranteed safety-aware policy distribution.
Abstract: Safety is a critical component of autonomous systems and remains a challenge for learning-based policies to be utilized in the real world. In this paper, we propose Sim-to-Lab-to-Real to bridge the reality gap with a probabilistically guaranteed safety-aware policy distribution.. To improve safety, we apply a dual policy setup where a performance policy is trained using the cumulative task reward and a backup (safety) policy is trained by solving the safety Bellman Equation based on Hamilton-Jacobi reachability analysis. In \textit{Sim-to-Lab} transfer, we apply a supervisory control scheme to shield unsafe actions during exploration; in \textit{Lab-to-Real} transfer, we leverage the Probably Approximately Correct (PAC)-Bayes framework to provide lower bounds on the expected performance and safety of policies in unseen environments. We empirically study the [proposed framework for ego-vision navigation in two types of indoor environments including a photo-realistic one. We also demonstrate strong generalization performance through hardware experiments in real indoor spaces with a quadrupedal robot.
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