PFGM++: Unlocking the Potential of Physics-Inspired Generative Models

Published: 24 Apr 2023, Last Modified: 21 Jun 2023ICML 2023 PosterEveryoneRevisions
Abstract: We introduce a new family of physics-inspired generative models termed PFGM++ that unifies diffusion models and Poisson Flow Generative Models (PFGM). These models realize generative trajectories for N dimensional data by embedding paths in N+D dimensional space while still controlling the progression with a simple scalar norm of the D additional variables. The new models reduce to PFGM when D=1 and to diffusion models when D$\to\infty$. The flexibility of choosing D allows us to trade off robustness against rigidity as increasing D results in more concentrated coupling between the data and the additional variable norms. We dispense with the biased large batch field targets used in PFGM and instead provide an unbiased perturbation-based objective similar to diffusion models. To explore different choices of D, we provide a direct alignment method for transferring well-tuned hyperparameters from diffusion models (D$\to\infty$) to any finite D values. Our experiments show that models with finite D can be superior to previous state-of-the-art diffusion models on CIFAR-10/FFHQ 64$\times$64 datasets/LSUN Churches 256$\times$256, with median Ds. In class-conditional setting, D=2048 yields current state-of-the-art FID of 1.74 on CIFAR-10 without additional training. Furthermore, we demonstrate that models with smaller $D$ exhibit improved robustness against modeling errors. Code is available at
Submission Number: 5896