Evidential Uncertainty and Diversity Guided Active Learning for Scene Graph GenerationDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023ICLR 2023 posterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Active learning, Scene graph generation, Uncertainty estimation
TL;DR: We proposed an Active Learning framework for the Scene Graph Generation.
Abstract: Scene Graph Generation (SGG) has already shown its great potential in various downstream tasks, but it comes at the price of a prohibitively expensive annotation process. To reduce the annotation cost, we propose using Active Learning (AL) for sampling the most informative data. However, directly porting current AL methods to the SGG task poses the following challenges: 1) unreliable uncertainty estimates, and 2) data bias problems. To deal with these challenges, we propose EDAL (\textbf{E}vidential Uncertainty and \textbf{D}iversity Guided Deep \textbf{A}ctive \textbf{L}earning), a novel AL framework tailored for the SGG task. For challenge 1), we start with Evidential Deep Learning (EDL) coupled with a global relationship mining approach to estimate uncertainty, which can effectively overcome the perturbations of open-set relationships and background-relationships to obtain reliable uncertainty estimates. To address challenge 2), we seek the diversity-based method and design the Context Blocking Module (CBM) and Image Blocking Module (IBM) to alleviate context-level bias and image-level bias, respectively. Experiments show that our AL framework can approach the performance of a fully supervised SGG model with only about $10\%$ annotation cost. Furthermore, our ablation studies indicate that introducing AL into the SGG will face many challenges not observed in other vision tasks that are successfully overcome by our new modules.
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